Something in hockey has been bugging me for years. Technically a lot of things about hockey bug me, but let’s not get sidetracked right off the bat. The irritating aspect of hockey I want to focus on today are neutral zone faceoff wins. They rarely ever lead to anything interesting.
In fact, if you compare possessions that start with a NZ faceoff win to all other possible possession types, they consistently lead to the fewest shots and expected goals per possession. Using InStat Data for the 2018/19 NL season, it becomes clear that even the territorial advantage compared to faceoff wins in the defensive zone is practically non-existent (each point represents a team’s season performance):
Is Winning Faceoffs Actually Bad?
If we accept that NZ faceoff wins are difficult to make work offensively, what are they good for? The current value of neutral zone faceoff wins lies not in the offense you may be able to generate off of them, but the lack of offense your opponent can muster following your possession.
If you look not just at the current possession but at the following possession as well, NZ faceoff wins actually look pretty good defensively. In the following chart, I’ve plotted the xG per 100 possessions of the initial possession as well as the xG of the following possession if possession of the puck switches teams and the xG of the following possession if the team initially in possession regains possession after that (another FO win, puck recovery, etc.). NZ Faceoff Wins are split by location and labelled on the right, other possessions are labelled on the left.
If we add up the xG for and against of the following possession (as an xG differential), we see that while still negative – in hockey it is simply more likely the opponent regains possessions and brings it up ice than that a team chains possessions without interruption – faceoff wins at center ice and at your own blue line are actually among the least damaging defensively on the following possession.
If we now sum up those two, we arrive at the average combined xG value of a possession type and the possession following it. Center ice faceoff wins average 0.16 xG per 100 Possessions, faceoff wins at your own blue line are worth 0.00 xG per 100 possessions and faceoff wins at the opponents blue line are worth -0.02 xG per 100 possessions.
From that, one could argue that if your target was to maximize your expected goal difference over the next two possessions and you find yourself in a faceoff at the offensive blue line, it’d be prudent to lose that faceoff, since on average, a win is a net negative for you while a loss would be neutral for the opponent. The same could be argued for the defensive blue line, a win would be no net gain for you while a loss is a net negative for your opponent.
Though if I’m being honest, the numbers are way too close for me to seriously argue this and team effects (as you can see in the first chart, teams can be 0.3 xGp100 better or worse than other teams in these possessions) likely change the math here, but I think it illustrates how little positive effect these faceoffs actually have.
What to do about it
The obvious answer to the question I have yet to ask is: Dump ins. Yes, dump ins are the main reason for this lack of offense. In National League (Swiss League for the Non-Swiss) hockey…
- Non-faceoff possessions starting in the defensive zone average about 17 dump-ins per 100 possessions
- Non-faceoff possessions starting in the neutral zone average about 28 dump-ins per 100 possessions
- Possessions following faceoff wins at a team’s defensive blue line average about 35 dump ins per 100 possessions
- Possessions following faceoff wins at center ice average about 50 dump ins per 100 possessions
- Possessions following faceoff wins at a team’s offensive blue line average about 65 dump ins per 100 possessions
Obviously there are reasons for this. A faceoff is a set piece of play that allows the defensive team to quickly find its defensive structure. And a win at the opponent’s blue line is especially susceptible to dump ins since the forwards have no reason to back off with the blue line compressing the opponent’s passing options.
Note: I might post something about faceoffs at the defensive blue line at some point since they offer much more variety in approaches, but I’m going to focus on faceoffs at the offensive blue line here.
Now, simply because possessions following a NZ FOW at the opp. blue line have the highest frequency of dump ins doesn’t mean that that’s the correct strategy to use. If we split these possessions by whether or not they feature a dump in, the split looks as follows:
Possessions with a dump in (per 100 poss): 5.5 Shots, 0.17 xG
Possessions without a dump in (per 100 poss): 32 Shots, 0.68 xG
Keep in mind, possessions without dump ins also contain possessions where there was no entry at all. So just the fact that these dump ins are so expected and therefore so easy to defend makes that much of a difference. But what plays are there to improve upon the tried and true dump and chase?
While there are certainly some odd plays out there …
… the most widely used and reproducible example usually looks something like this:
A D-D pass to the weak side defenceman who tries to enter the zone. If successful, this play usually involves either some manner of inattention by the opponent or casual interference by the inside winger.
The more fun version gives both the defenceman in possession of the puck (who to pass to) and the inside winger (who to cover) an option to choose between the winger and the defenceman. In the next example, the Lugano (black) winger is quite aggressive expecting the D-D pass which opens up the winger inside:
Here, you can clearly see the Davos (yellow) winger prepared for this play waiting for the defenceman to make up his mind on who to pass to:
And there are even some clever twists on it, with the winger passing the puck outside (even though it’s well defended here) :
While these can work and they are most certainly more useful than dump ins, their ubiquity makes them quite easy to snuff out. Popular tactics literature offers these two additional ideas:
From Ryan Walter’s and Mike Johnston’s “Hockey Plays and Strategies”:
I saw this used a bit a couple of years ago and it pops up every now and then. I’ve seen it work a little bit, but mostly as a way to get the winger into the OZ with more pace for a more intense forecheck rather than a controlled entry.
And from Ryan Stimson’s “Tape to Space: Redefining Modern Hockey Tactics”:
I haven’t seen this out in the wild so I can’t say much about it other than that it’d be nice to see it tried out, the multiple picks and wide stance to free up space certainly seem like an appealing option off a draw.
In general, I think NZ faceoff could use some more creativity like Ryan’s. Conservatively, the difference between the best and the worst teams is currently worth 1.2 goals over an NLA season (without evaluating the knock on effects that controlled entries have on following possessions). A creative coaching staff could probably stretch that to be worth quite a bit more. And practicing a few set plays shouldn’t be asking too much, especially not in a league that mostly plays on weekends with the entire week to practice.